THE PRESENT TENSE – SUMMARY CHART

PRESENT TENSES

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Remember there are two ways of expressing present actions in English, here is a quick reminder of how to form them and how to use them properly.

PRESENT SIMPLE

it is used to express:

Permanent Situations

  • Mr and Mrs Trent live in Oxford

Belongings

  • This house belongs to my grandmother

Scientific Facts

  • The sun rises in the East

Opinions

  • I don’t agree with you but I respect your thoughts

Habits

  • He usually walks to school

Senses

  • This cake smells good and is delicious

Knowledge

  • She does not know your new CEO

Fixed Times

  • What time does the museum open?

Notice that the verbs in the present simple, third person singular always want an “S” at the end. Don’t forget, this is very important!

PRESENT CONTINUOUS

It is formed with the present simple of the verb “To Be” and the base form + the -ing ending (or Gerund) of the main verb expressing the action. It is used to express:

  • Actions in Progress

    Is Jane talking on the phone?

  • Repeated Actions

    Eleonor is studying her lesson over and over

  • Unfinished Actions

    We are learning to use a new software

  • Temporary Actions

    I am covering for a colleague at work this month

 

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