A fool thinks himself to be wise, but a wise man knows himself to be a fool. Very little is known about William Shakespeare’s personal life and that is the reason why much has been speculated on regarding the few facts that have been handed down to the present contributing ever more to clad it … Continue reading WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE (1564-1616)


Literature   "It is not in the stars to hold our destiny but in ourselves" - William Shakespeare Brief General outlook - from Humanism to Renaissance  The Renaissance was a direct development of Humanism, tracing its date back to 1453, when Constantinople was overtaken by the Turks. At first the Greeks who fled the area … Continue reading ENGLISH LITERATURE IN THE RENAISSANCE


GENERAL OUTLOOK   The Middle Ages, if compared to the age of the great Viking invasions, can be considered a time of relative stability that favoured artistic development. The general atmosphere of the Dark Ages is centred on the important role assigned to religion in the life of medieval people. They believed that everything had … Continue reading LITERATURE IN THE MIDDLE AGES

GEOFFREY CHAUCER (approx. 1340-1400)

  BIOGRAPHY Geoffrey Chaucer came from a family that belonged to the urban middle class and yet benefitted from the Crown’s trust. Indeed he was appointed to many official charges among which, for instance, Controller of Customs on Wool and Hides (pelli di animali di grossa taglia) in 1374; he was Member of Parliament for … Continue reading GEOFFREY CHAUCER (approx. 1340-1400)


The Oldest Trace of Anglo-Saxon Literature Beowulf is the oldest epic poem that has come down to us from the past, it was originally composed anonimously, as was typical then, in Old English around the 7th century perhaps; it was untitled and in honour of a king who had recently died. Only in the 19th century it came to be … Continue reading Beowulf


Literature is a form of entertainment, the need to tell stories, to recount important events of a community, in a given time and a specific place, has always characterised mankind for the sense of identity that it gave humans, and the Anglo-Saxons were no exception. The oldest literary genre was poetry because with its rhythm and … Continue reading ANGLO-SAXON LITERATURE


http://www.tumblr.com  1066-Norman Conquest   William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy became William I 1066-1087 End of Anglo-Saxon rule Introduction of Feudal System Domesday Book Separation of clerical and lay courts The Plantagenet Dinasty Henry II (1154-1189) He was the first king to combine the French and the English Crowns Reduced Barons' power Royal Justice Developed … Continue reading OUTLINES – THE MIDDLE AGES


 The Norman and the Plantagenet’s Dynasties William I was succeeded on the throne, first by his son William II (1087-1100), and later by his son Henry I (1100-1135). They both ensured political stability and thus economic prosperity to England. Henry I wanted his daughter Matilda to succeed him at his death, but some barons disagreed with this … Continue reading THE MIDDLE AGES part 2